The violin is a very sensitive instrument and is made of many small parts. Proper care and maintenance is required to keep it in good shape and bring a nice warm tone.
Knowing how to look after your violin involves understanding the effects of temperature and humidity on the violin, the rosin built up on the violin, how to care the strings for a nice tone, how to keep up your violin bow, violin bridge and such.
Steps to take care of your violin
In the USA, Canada and some European countries, there are extreme climatic conditions, which change the humidity and temperature. That has a huge effect on your violin. When the humidity is less, that can produce cracks on the violin, and on the other hand, high humidity brings in bubbles on the violin varnish. Maintain a constant humidity through all seasons. You should be maintaining a humidity between 45-55%. We can use a dampit or any other humidifier, which can be purchased from your violin shop or online to increase the humidity inside your violin case, which might be required in the winter. Air conditioners are helpful in removing the humidity in the summer if required.
When you are traveling in your vehicle, make sure not to leave the violin inside the vehicle for several hours. When traveling in an aeroplane, always carry the violin as a hand luggage.
Always store the violin in a good case and never allow young children or people who do not know the violin to take it. It is better to avoid hanging it on the wall to avoid a chance of fall.
Always clean the left-over rosin from the violin by wiping it off using a cloth.
When the pegs shrink in winter due to excessive dryness, try rewinding and tuning the string and if that does not fix it, take it to your violin shop. If pegs are very stiff- which comes in summer-, you can use a peg lubricant which is available from a violin shop, or you may also use powder from graphite pencil, which is an excellent lubricant.
The bridge is not fixed to the pietro lombardi violin belly and is kept there only by the tension in the strings. You have to regularly check the position of a bridge and make sure that the bridge remains straight by moving it back perpendicular to the violin belly. You may also seek the help of your violin shop or teacher to do this if you cannot do it yourself. There will be a slight movement of the bridge either in the direction of pegs or fine tuners even in perfect conditions. Please note that excessive tension in violin strings can cause the bridge to warp requiring you to replace the bridge.
Change the strings at least once in a year. When changing them remove and replace one string at a time. Otherwise your bridge might fall or may lean forwards or backwards due to the difference in the tension caused by loosening all strings.